In 1952, Gabriel Pascal secured an agreement with the Prime Minister of India (Jawaharlal Nehru) to produce a film of Gandhi's life. Apart from all its other qualities, what makes this movie special is that it was obviously made by people who believed in it. Summary, Analysis, and Review of the Film “Gandhi” (1982) Richard Attenborough’s 1982 film Gandhi presents a realistic and mostly chronological account of the Indian political activist’s life. However, Pascal died in 1954 before preparations were completed.. It was shown tax free in Bombay (known as Mumbai since 1995) and Delhi. The movie is a labor of love by Sir Richard Attenborough, who struggled for years to get financing for his huge but "non-commercial" project. The country is subsequently divided by religion. ":97 A "singular virtue" of the film is that "its title figure is also a character in the usual dramatic sense of the term." Through it all, Gandhi maintains a certain detachment; he is convinced he is right, convinced that violence is not an answer, convinced that sheer moral example can free his nation as it did. Where would the British cinema be without its dependable, sturdy, absolutely authoritative generation of great character actors like Trevor Howard (as a British judge), John Mills (the British viceroy), John Gielgud, and Michael Hordern? They rule almost by divine right, shouldering the "white man's burden" even though they have not quite been requested to do so by the Indians. It stars Ben Kingsley in the title role. Gandhi was released in India on 30 November 1982, in the United Kingdom on 3 December, and in the United States on 8 December. The movie earns comparison with two classic works by David Lean, “Lawrence of Arabia” and “Doctor Zhivago”, in its ability to paint a strong human story on a very large canvas. Although violence is used against him by the authorities, his protests are only by peaceful means. According to the Museum of Broadcast Communications there was "a cycle of film and television productions which emerged during the first half of the 1980s, which seemed to indicate Britain's growing preoccupation with India, Empire and a particular aspect of British cultural history". In 1893, Mohandas K. Gandhi is thrown off a South African train for being an Indian and traveling in a first class compartment. Take the episode when the newly arrived Gandhi is ejected from a first-class railway carriage at Pietermaritzburg after a white passenger objects to sharing space with a “coolie” (an Indian indentured labourer). National Film Development Corporation of India, 34th greatest British film of the 20th century, Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards 1982, 1982 National Society of Film Critics Awards, List of artistic depictions of Mahatma Gandhi, List of Indian Academy Award winners and nominees, "Gandhi (1982) - Box Office Data, DVD and Blu-ray Sales, Movie News, Cast and Crew Information", https://www.ijrte.org/wp-content/uploads/papers/v7i5c/E10460275C19.pdf, https://pib.gov.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=148784, "The ancient heritage behind our railway bridges", "Attending premiere of "Gandhi" December 2nd 1982", "Pacific Exchange Rate Service (0.57245 GBP per USD)", "Cinema: Triumph of a martyr [review of Gandhi, film by Richard Attenborough]", "Gandhi [review of film by Richard Attenborough]", "Review: Attenborough's truth: The politics of Gandhi", "UPDATE: How "Toxic" Is IFTA's Best Indies? But that is not really the point of the scene. He is asked by prominent Indian figures of the day, such as Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel and Muhammad Ali Jinnah, to join the fight for Indian independence from the British, despite some within that group believing Gandhi's methods ineffective. The fighting does stop eventually, but the country is divided. Horrified, Gandhi declares a hunger strike, saying he will not eat until the fighting stops. He is urged to take up the fight for India's independence (Swaraj, Quit India) from the British Empire. In Briley (1983), Gandhi mentions he is on a "fast" (p. 168), and later says that he wants "That the fighting will stop – that you make me believe it will never start again" (p. 172). Gandhi stands at the quiet center.  The film had a limited release in the US on Wednesday, 8 December 1982, followed by a wider release in January 1983. Gandhi was adamant that “respectable Indians” should not be obliged to use the same facilities as “raw Kaffirs”.  Ben Kingsley's performance was especially praised. Too weak from World War II to continue enforcing its will in India, Britain finally grants India's independence. Review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes retrospectively collected 59 reviews and judged 85% of them to be positive, with an average rating of 8.15/10. Roger Ebert was the film critic of the Chicago Sun-Times from 1967 until his death in 2013. He is sure where the right lies in every situation, and he will uphold it in total disregard for the possible consequences to himself. ":97 Roger Ebert gave the film four stars and called it a "remarkable experience", and placed it 5th on his 10 best films of 1983.  Attenborough agreed, after reading Louis Fischer's biography of Gandhi and spent the next 18 years attempting to get the film made. | Gandhi realizes that the laws are biased against Indians and decides to start a non-violent protest campaign for the rights of all Indians in South Africa. Various actors were considered over the years for the all-important title role, but the actor who was finally chosen, Before long Gandhi is in India, a nation of hundreds of millions, ruled by a relative handful of British. Screenwriter John Briley had introduced him to Jake Eberts, the chief executive at the new Goldcrest production company that raised approximately two-thirds of the film's budget. Gandhi agrees, and mounts a non-violent non-cooperation campaign of unprecedented scale, coordinating millions of Indians nationwide. Gandhi realizes that Indians have been made into second-class citizens in their own country, and he begins a program of civil disobedience that is at first ignored by the British, then scorned, and finally, reluctantly, dealt with, sometimes by subterfuge, sometimes by brutality.
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