Such observations may, however, be more valuable in a study of religious thought than those derived from purposive inquiry. This book was written during a transitional period in anthropological theory, and in the concluding chapter, Evans-Pritchard rejects as prejudiced and insufficiently informed the Social Evolutionist theories of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, while noting that “little has been put in their place” (Evans-Pritchard 314). It also serves to keep in check the more human forces of envy and covetousness which are believed to give rise to the evil eye (peth) (Evans-Pritchard 15). The Meaning of Sacrifice, Chapter XII Spirit and the Social Order, Chapter V Some Reflections on Nuer Religion, Chapter I Spirits of the Below, Chapter I The other spirits, of the above (kuth nhial) and of the below (kuth piny) are considered to have “fallen” into foreign lands and only in the past century been adopted by the Nuer, often through contact and intermarriage with the neighboring Dinka people (Evans-Pritchard 29). - - The one exception to this comes in the discussion of the lesser spirits. Nuer Religion is a monograph on the religious and spiritual behavior and beliefs of the Nuer people of the southern Sudan. Accounts of religion in writings on the Nuer are generally meagre and superficial. Evans-Pritchard also mentions Durkheim and his fellow proponents of sociological interpretations of religious behavior, finding such interpretations useful, but only to a point. I have previously written two books on the Nuer, a cattle-herding people dwelling in the swamps and savannah of the southern Anglo-Egyptian Sudan: The Nuer. - By E. E. Evans-Pritchard (E.E. The present volume, Nuer Religion, completes a study of the Nuer which began in 1930. In reality, for a modern student of diverse religious beliefs, the idea does not seem so strange at all. Spirits of the Above, Chapter III A distinction which is central both to Nuer religion and society, that is, to justice administered by Spirit and by man, is that between an intentional or malicious fault (duer), and an unintentional or unwitting fault (gwac). God, Chapter II - − one = 8. The Problem of Symbols, Chapter VI - THE NUER CONCEPTION OF SPIRIT IN ITS RELATION TO THE SOCIAL ORDER By E. E. EVANS-PRITCHARD I HAVE published recently a series of papers dealing with various aspects of the Nuer conception of Kwoth, spirit. A Description of the Modes of Livelihood and Political Institutions of a Nilotic People was published in 1940 and Kinship and Marriage among the Nuer in 1951. The anthropologist Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard (1902–1973) did extensive ethnographic studies among the Azande and Nuer peoples who were considered "primitive" by society and earlier scholars. The concept of yop, which is the idea that good fortune should be downplayed rather than celebrated, lest it be taken away, and that ill fortune should be accepted rather than bemoaned, serves to protect the Nuer from a Spirit who punishes undue arrogance. In other words, the reasonable-person principle applies in human justice, and is extended to divine justice (Evans-Pritchard 18). E. E. Evans-Pritchard. No distinction is made between offenses against Spirit and offenses against other members of the community – both upset the social order and bring bad luck (Evans-Pritchard 16). He explained in detail how the Nuer thought about laws, politics, and their society. Many other aspects of Nuer religious thought and practice are discussed throughout the monograph, including the idea of sin as contagion, totemic spirits and propitiatory sacrifice, but it is the concept of kwoth that is central to Nuer society, and to which all of these concepts are linked. By E. E. Evans-Pritchard (E.E. - (oxon. Sin, Chapter VIII Nuer Religion is a monograph on the religious and spiritual behavior and beliefs of the Nuer people of the southern Sudan. If an interdiction is broken, either positive or negative – the breaking of an incest taboo, for example, or a failure to offer sacrifice at an appropriate time – it is understood that illness and misfortune will follow the offender (and potentially his family and entire community) unless the wrong is righted. Some Reflections on Nuer Religion, {{filterTypeLookup[searchItem.filterType]}}, {{searchTypeLookup[searchItem.searchType]}}, Primary Sources (Literary and Historical), Full access to this book and over 83,000 more, Over 14 million journal, magazine, and newspaper articles, Access to powerful writing and research tools. - the nuer a description of the modes of livelihood and political institutions of a nilotic people by e. e. evans-pritchard m.a. Priests and Prophets, Chapter XIII Throughout this book, however, Evans-Pritchard highlights the role that religion plays in enforcing the order within Nuer society. The authority of Spirit over man is based on vastly superior wisdom and knowledge, and it is on this premise that Spirit is understood to have cuong, or, literally, “uprightness”, in any situation (Evans-Pritchard 16). 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